Although, the idea of preserving food using cool temperatures was very old yet the first known artificial refrigeration(invention of refrigerator) was demonstrated by William Cullen at the University of Glasgow in 1748. Before the invention of the refrigerator, people used to preserve their food by placing them near freshwater lakes or packed with snow, in winters they used ice or icehouses. Natural means are still used to cool foods today.

Refrigeration is the process of removing heat from an enclosed space, or from a substance, to lower its temperature. American inventor Oliver Evans invented the vapor-compression refrigeration machine design in 1805 however he never built any arefrigeration unit. In 1834, Jacob Perkins modified Oliver Evans' original design, building the world's first refrigerator and filing the first legal patent for refrigeration using vapor-compression. The word refrigerator was not existed at that time but in 1800, Thomas Moore first used this word. He designed cedar tub which was covered with rabbit fur and ice. While Moore called it a refrigerator, now it is known as icebox.
Steps of Invention   
  •     In 1895 and 1908 ,a French physics teacher "Marcel Audiffen"  designed home refrigerator. Based in his design, the first home refrigerator was made by General Electric in 1911. The fridge was composed of wood.
  •     Later in 1913, refrigerators for home and domestic use were modified by Fred W. Wolf of Fort Wayne, Indiana with models consisting of a unit that was mounted on top of an ice box.
  •     In 1914, engineer Nathaniel B. Wales of Detroit, Michigan, introduced an idea for a practical electric refrigeration unit, which later became the basis for the Kelvinator. 
  •     A self-contained refrigerator, with a compressor on the bottom of the cabinet was invented by Alfred Mellowes in 1916.
  •     In 1918, Kelvinator Company introduced the first refrigerator with any type of automatic control. By 1923, Kelvinator held 80 percent of the market for electric refrigerators.
  •     Home freezers as separate compartments (larger than necessary just for ice cubes), or as separate units, were introduced in the United States in 1940.
comments powered by Disqus
About Me

Oldest Seashore Resort

Cape May is a city at the southern tip of Cape May Peninsula in Cape May County, New Jersey, where the Delaware Bay meets the Atlantic Ocean. It is part of the Oc ...READ MORE

Oldest US Newspaper

Started by Thomas Green on October 29, 1764 as a weekly, the Hartford Courant is often recognized as the oldest continuously-published newspaper in the United St ...READ MORE

Oldest Rice Mill

Based in New Iberia, Louisiana and established in 1912, Conrad Rice Mill is the oldest independently owned rice mill in the United States still in operation. Conr ...READ MORE

First Nuclear Powered Submarine

USS Nautilus (SSN-571) is the world's first nuclear-powered submarine. When US Congress authorized construction of the world's first nuclear powered submarine in ...READ MORE

Richest State

According to the reports generated in 2013 from 24/7 Wall St. Maryland remained the richest state in the country, with a median household income of $71,221. Missi ...READ MORE

Cajun Music Capital

Mamou town in Evangeline Parish, Louisiana, United States is known as the "The Cajun Music Capital of the World." The town is famous for its music and musicians. ...READ MORE

First Telephone Exchange

A telephone exchange is a telephone system located at service centers (central offices) responsible for a small geographic area that provided the switching or int ...READ MORE

What are Clippers

A clipper was a very fast sailing ship of the 19th century.Thw work of building a new ship (the Clipper ship) started in the late 1840's by American shipbuilders. ...READ MORE

Oldest City of Luisiana

First incorporated on February 5, 1819, Natchitoches city is the oldest city of Louisiana state. It is the oldest permanent settlement in the Louisiana Purchase ...READ MORE

City Inside Meteor Crater

The Middlesboro city of Kentucky is located entirely between Pine Mountain and the Cumberland Mountains in the Middlesboro Basin, which geologists believe to be a ...READ MORE