First Olympic Games were held between April 6 to April 15 in Athens, Greece. Women were not allowed to compete at the 1896 Summer Olympics. As the International Olympic Committee did not list the participating nations, there is not surety of the countries participation.



Some sources list 12 countries participated in the first games, some said 13 and some list 14. The two countries where the debate for participation are Bulgaria and Chile.  From the identification of many sources online and offline 14 nations are likely be participated whose list is given below.

  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Bulgaria
  • Chile
  • Denmark 
  • France
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Sweden 
  • Switzerland
  • USA


At that time the country Austria and Hungary were united as  Austria–Hungary, but in the games there results were recorded separately. The United States won the most gold medals (11) and host nation Greece won the most medals overall (46). Only 10 participating nations out of 14 earned medals. A total of 241 Athletes Participated in the games for 43 events of 9 sports.



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